Belvedere shareholders will vote February 12 on the future of the group in trouble. Bruce Willis announced he will vote in favor of the plan negotiated by the administrator Frederic Abitbol. The star, which, since 2009, promoting …
Washington, our correspondent
At first glance America has created fewer jobs than expected in January. That explains a rise of 0, 1 to 7% unemployment 9%. Behind these figures lies a disappointing trend more favorable revision to higher job creation in November and December. 127,000 more positions that we believed were created during the last two months of 2012.
The gains of 247,000 jobs in November and 196,000 jobs in December showed that the U.S. economy is close to the monthly rate of 250,000 considered necessary to sustainably reduce unemployment. It is possible that the estimate of 157,000 jobs created in January released today by the Department of Labour is in turn positively revised next month.
The full year 2012, the U.S. economy, driven by extremely stimulating fiscal policy and monetary policy of unprecedented generosity, produced an average of 181,000 new jobs per month.
Other encouraging signs emerging from official statistics of employment in January. The average hourly earnings continue to rise 0, 2%. Construction, retail, leisure and hotel industry realize solid hiring. The return of net contributions in the construction labor market confirms the recovery crucial property.
Overall, these data are consistent with the coolness of the Federal Reserve said Wednesday that "pause" the unexpected contraction of 0, 1% annual rate of gross domestic product (GDP) in the fourth quarter.
"Fall unexpected growth in the United States
This is an ad that will attract a multitude of applications. The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge are looking for a nanny for their future royal residence. Kate Middleton, who will give birth in July, and Prince William are looking for an employee to household chores in their appartemment Kensington Palace. The British newspaper Sunday Express revealed that Buckingham Palace has released this job for the couple.
The offer stipulates that the steward should "ensure that all parts are clean" and will "clean uniforms of other employees" working for Kate and William. "The attention to detail, with a proactive and flexible approach is essential" criteria are necessary, said the announcement. Steward the future work 37 hours per week, but must be available for overtime. The couple are expecting candidates to be "able to demonstrate strong organizational skills, excellent communication skills both verbal and written and the ability to work on themselves, and as part of a multidisciplinary team." Very committed to respect for his private life, the couple requires that the person hired to show "discretion, loyalty and reliability" to the family.
This announcement comes after the recruitment of a French army corporal to support Prince William daily. This leads to the ceremonies in which the prince attends, takes care of the logistics of residence and William wardrobe.
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Is this the result of some media trivia drama? In one year, the look that parents are on the Internet, especially social networks, is clearly tinged with anxiety.
At the heart of concerns, Facebook, the most popular social networks. It is used by 57% of 9-16 year olds and 80% of 13-16 years, according to a study by the American company Trend Micro security expert cloud. Her children spend an average of one hour per week for the youngest of them, and more than three hours for over 13 years. And, despite a growing concern: 79% of parents and 59% of children consider Facebook "dangerous."
If fathers and mothers are always worried that their young become friends with adults who pretend to be children, ie they are in contact with pedophiles, adults are also more likely to fear that their children being harassed by other children. "If young people are ruthless them in the real world, this feeling is exacerbated on the Net where inhibitions are lifted," said Damase Tricart, European Marketing Director of Trend Micro.
Parental control bit used
Parents do not, however, remain inactive face their fears. They are more numerous (over a third) set themselves to the Facebook account of their children, especially in order to limit the people with whom they can contact.
Children aware of the "dangers" of the Net, also accepted more easily than their parents are "friends" with them on Facebook. "However, young people continue to engage real competition to see who has the most friends on Facebook, noted Damase Tricart. Which leads sometimes to accept anyone as a friend. The need to inform and explain the risks involved are real. "
In addition, children are more often observers actors on social networks. Their first activity on Facebook is watching what their friends, then they seek their friends and photos and finally they put online information or photos.
In contrast, parental control devices that can be bought, usually with a virus, are actually quite rarely used. The changing patterns of Internet access also reduces the possibility of direct control of parents. There are still two years, web access is made mostly from the PC, which could be installed in a room "common".
Now, more than 20% of young people have their own access to the Internet via a smartphone or tablet. To complicate matters, these terminals are inherently mobile, it becomes even more difficult for parents to monitor their children's use.
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The budget compromise passed a minimum during the night of New Year's Day by the Senate deputies is not suitable for conservative Republicans. It would avoid a fall in "precipice budget" but does not reduce the deficit. This text does not specify sustainable reductions in public spending but put $ 600 billion of tax increases over a period of ten years. For these reasons, the rapid adoption Tuesday by the House of Representatives, text laboriously negotiated in the Senate problem.
John Boehner, the "speaker" (President) Republican in the lower house, is in the uncomfortable position of having to rely on dozens of Democrats vote to pass an emergency law ungrateful he did not negotiate the content . His deputy, head of the House Republican, Eric Cantor, flatly refused to support the text. The ability to add amendments specifying cuts in public spending is considered. Democrats oppose it for reasons of time and not jeopardize the agreement painfully negotiated in the Senate. The procedure delay the release of "fiscal cliff" since it would return the new amended version in the Senate adopts it in the same terms. However, any delay in the adoption of the compromise was to be avoided in order to prevent massive increases in taxes and automatic lined with sharp reductions in spending, be felt.
Go right and left
Without a vote of both Houses of Congress on an identical text, America slips effect from the end of 2012 in a fiscal precipice likely to cause a new recession in a few weeks. Automatic tax increases of no less than $ 400 billion of credit and declines of more than 100 billion dollars came into force on 1 January. "Neither the Democrats nor the Republicans got everything they wanted, but this deal is good for our country and the House must adopt without delay," said Barack Obama. "There is still much work to do to reduce our deficits and have the will to tackle it payday loan lenders… We will continue to reduce the deficit through a combination of new spending cuts and new revenues on the richest Americans" , the president added.
The promise of new tax increases as a condition of real deficit reduction, reaching 7% of the GDP of the United States, has unleashed the wrath of the Tea Party Republicans. It is true that the left of the Democratic Party is also disappointed with the compromise negotiated in recent days by the leader of the Republican minority in the Senate, Mitch McConnell, and Joe Biden, the vice president of the United States. Without daring to block the vote, three senators "progressives" voted against the text. Among them, Tom Harkin, Senator from Iowa, veteran Democratic Left.
The new tax burden
The plan only see two months of automatic reductions spending more than $ 100 billion. More importantly, it does not raise the debt ceiling, yet reached on 31 December. In a word, the agreement ensures that a minimum in less than two months Congress and the White House will meet at the edge of a precipice new, even more dangerous.
Number of Democrats also complain that the new tax burden begins to affect only the wealthy from $ 450,000 annual income per household. Five years ago that Barack Obama calls for a tax increase from $ 250,000 per year. Increases taxes on capital gains, dividends, and higher inheritance accepted by Mitch McConnell are weaker than hoped the left wing of the Democratic Party. "It is not the big bold and bipartisan compromise that we need, the markets need, our country needs is a little compromise ensures that taxes 98% of Americans will not climb" summed up the Delaware Sen. Chris Coons.
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In financial difficulty, the producer of semiconductor materials Soitec plans to put 50 to 70 of its employees available to other institutions Grenoble by early 2013 as part of a method agreement. Paying temporary employees, the company reduce its fixed shots, "but also preserve employment skills," says Corinne Margot, HRD Soitec. "On one hand, we can amortize our downturn, on the other, our employees develop their employability," says she.
Regulated by law, the loan of employees can be done between a private and a public institution, on a voluntary basis and profit: the borrowing firm pays the correct amount of employee wages and that which it receives the ready should not gain any financial benefit.
Renault has also opted for the loan of employees but only internally. "1200 people are currently on different parts group sites for a period varies between one month and one year," says one in the automaker, which is immersed in a round of negotiations with its unions to make its plants more competitive. External mobility is however not on the agenda, although this measure is included in the agreement of management of jobs and skills (GEPEC) signed in 2011 with the union of the group. "For the moment, we manage to balance the workforce so intragroup external mobility is not a line of work," says one.
Rhodia chemist, chip manufacturers STMicroelectronics, Freescale or Soitec are few companies have experimented actually paying their employees to outside companies. "The tool is not used because it is well known, explains Olivier Bony, HR consultant at development agency organizations and individuals, which connects SME wishing to lend manpower. Companies are reluctant vis-à-vis the device because they wonder: is that my employee will return? Is it wrong that I feel abandoned? Who do I pay? ".
"On paper, the idea seems great but it is not certain that the implementation is so simple Analysis Damien Leblond, associate director of recruitment firm Selescope. We need companies that lend employees are in the same region. The question of privilege arises too. In general, you pay your employees to a competitor, "says he.
Reintegration stressful for employees
This is not the first time that Soitec lends a portion of its workforce. In 2009, 19 employees worked for 18 months at the Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) in Grenoble and had saved 700,000 euros to the company. Both entities were familiar since Soitec was originally a small start-up of the CEA. "It has therefore facilitated the loan of employees," says Fabrice Lallement, Soitec CGT union representative. "But the most difficult was the reinstatement of the employees, he says. They would find an equivalent position at Soitec, but could very well change service or manager, a possibility that has much stressed. "
50 to 70 candidates to leave their post in which companies are still unaware of Grenoble will be affected. However, "they are likely to have already applied, says Fabrice Lallement, because the interest is to change the environment and discover a new business."
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Headwind against this solution during the last round of EU negotiations to save Athens from bankruptcy, Angela Merkel has just skip taboo erasure of Greek debt. Merkel did not rule out, for the first time, a discount of Greek debt after 2014, in an interview with Bild am Sonntag.
"If Greece comes a day to cope with revenue without incurring new debt, then we must look and assess the situation. This will not happen until 2014-2015, if all goes as planned, "said the Chancellor, questioned whether it had to consider the cancellation of the debt of Athens after the German legislation of 2013. "The current program of aid to Greece will run until 2014. And we have given an additional two years, until 2016, to Greece it reaches certain fiscal targets, "she added.
The opposition Social Democrats (SPD) for several weeks accuses Merkel of hiding the truth about German taxpayers Greece guaranteed approval cash advance loans. Friday, the head of the SPD group in the Bundestag, Frank-Walter Steinmeier criticized the government for having rejected the idea of a haircut on Greek debt, "economically inevitable" for reasons of domestic politics. "We can push it after Christmas, after the elections in Lower Saxony, Bavaria after the election or after the federal election, but this discount will occur inevitably," he said.
The issue of a Greek debt relief is very sensitive to the legislative approach, while the Germans fear being sucked into the "bottomless pit Greek." Until now, Merkel retains the confidence of voters over his handling of the crisis. But the elected majority and opinion are increasingly nervous about this issue.
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Tax loopholes for overseas are real bargains for the wealthiest taxpayers. The data transmitted by Bercy Gilles Carrez, the UMP president of the Finance Committee of the Assembly, are eloquent. Hundred households who benefit most from every niche have reduced, on average, their income tax (IR) 400,019 euros using the devices overseas (investment in housing, social housing and businesses) . This represents a 39% discount on their bill. Only downside: they could not operate tax loopholes, these households would pay 1 million euros IR.
In addition, taxpayers less fortunate, those who are part of the 100,000 homes using more niches, enjoy comparatively less devices ultramarine. With the latter, they have reduced their IR "only" 21% (9149 euros for a tax reduction before niches 43,553 euros).
In total, dom-tom niches have cost over $ 1 billion to the state coffers. And the benefit of few households: 43,700 for the device on the housing for the 24,100 investment in companies, for the 2036 social housing.
Despite this, the government will not submit niches overseas new overall ceiling of € 10,000, applicable from 2013. These devices continue to benefit from a more advantageous ceiling, set at 18,000 euros, increased by 4% of income.
During his press conference Tuesday, François Hollande has once again justified the choice by the defense of overseas economies fragile. MPs, which examined the topic Wednesday evening, the government should follow. "Taxpayers will rush on niche overseas, less capped. This will create a vanishing point for the tax ", yet alert the entourage of Gilles Carrez.
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The government will he be forced once again to review its copy? Two days after announcing a VAT increase in 2014 to fund one third of the tax credit Competitiveness and Employment (Cice) implemented in 2013, the executive faces a slingshot unexpectedly. By both professionals and affected worrying about the impact on their order books (and hence employment) this certain elected as the presidential majority who see it as a new gift (too) to patterns.
Aside from the few products taxed at 2.1% (drugs covered by Social Security, live animals or meat sold in butcher, TV license fee, publication of press …), all the others will be affected by these changes in VAT. And rather higher, the lower rate reduced from 5.5 to 5% on staples (pass gas and electricity supply, services for the disabled, food for school canteens …) does not compensate for outbreaks the other reduced rate (which increased from 7% to 10%) and rate (from 19.6% to 20%).
The impact will not be painless on the price of consumer goods more or less common places like cinema or theater, flowers, tobacco, gasoline, automobiles, appliances, gas consumption and electricity, jewelry, perfume, shampoo, toothbrushes, DVDs, hairdresser … No offense to the government therefore considers that low-income households will be unaffected due to the structure of their consumption basket ( composed mainly of basic necessities), the total bill 6-7000000000 2014 indeed affect everyone.
30,000 job losses
The pressure is so strong that some sectors in difficulty are out of their scope of VAT in order not to sink further into crisis. All professional lobbies are therefore pressure in the sense of the House for two days, led by representatives of the hospitality and the building that raise the specter of at least 30,000 job losses if the tax rate goes 10%. A challenge in times of high unemployment rise has integrated the government confirmed Thursday, be willing to review it.
If this were the case, the government should compensate the shortfall of demotion – however unlikely – the restaurant industry and others in the category of those taxed at 5%. It would then only two possibilities to find the revenue corresponding to the tax shortfall of lowering: anticipating the two-year implementation of ecological tax which should allow to complete the financial side of the device (3.5 billion) in 2016, to the chagrin of environmentalists who find this calendar too late. Or cut a little more in the $ 10 billion of additional savings that the government plans to do after 2014 after revisiting the policy of the State, local government spending and social security included.
Briefly, two offsets easier to expose to implement, both technically and politically. The debate on 'VAT competitiveness "version Holland has just begun