"This is the focus of our structural reforms," he said before the government committed Parlement.Le confidence on four articles of this controversial law, before the final vote, expected in mid-morning. The new law corrects the excessive rigidity in the text that governs the worker's status in Italy for forty years!
Negotiation with employers, unions and political parties was tough. Opening the debate in February, Elsa Fornero, the Labour Minister had set a month to reach an agreement. He has taken over four to complete the discussions without reaching consensus.
The new president of the board, Giorgio Squinzi, called the law of evil "turnip," while the boss of the powerful CGIL, Susanna Camusso, believes it "will not solve the precarious" workers.
Article 18 of the modalities of the right of dismissal led to a real showdown. The compromise reached is close enough to break conventional in France. Employees and companies may, by mutual agreement, terminate the employment contract for compensation equivalent to twelve or twenty-four months' wages.
Contrary to what the unions wanted, the dismissed employee no longer has the right to automatic reinstatement – now almost the rule in cases of forced departure, but only if the judge considers dismissal "clearly abusive" or "totally unfounded "economically no teletrack payday loan. Emma Marcegaglia, patron of Confindustria until last May, welcomed the end of a "social taboo".
The new text is not only a liberal. If it makes layoffs, it also extends social protection to excluded categories of major collective agreements on behalf of the principle of "universality". In a country where 90% of companies employ fewer than ten employees, the law will extend unemployment insurance to millions of employees who were previously in private. This is particularly true of a million young people working in the most total insecurity.
To provide flexible employment, including youth, a new labor contract will be introduced, providing a learning period of three years. The company will be free to terminate the employment during the probationary period but will necessarily hire him after this period.
This provision will end the string of small employers renew contracts of three months in three months with no job security. The law also will discipline the jungle of labor contracts (over 24) that make the labor market particularly chaotic.