Archive for the 'economic' Category

Blamed for the breeding conditions of the chickens U system

Auto Date Friday, September 19th, 2014


Monoprix in 2013, Systeme U Will he have to give up and stop marketing of battery cage eggs? The distribution group Serge Papin is under fire from critics after the release of a video by the defense association L214 animals, filming from inside a laying hen farm expected to provide the distributor. The pictures depict chickens enclosed in very small spaces, sometimes alongside the bodies.

L214's goal is to direct the supermarket group to no longer provide for his private label, from producers practicing this method of farming in favor of organic farming or outdoors. Last year, the association had already shown. She targeted the Monoprix organizing numerous demonstrations outside its stores. Faced with increasing pressure, Monoprix had then pledged to stop marketing its own brand 1of eggs from battery farms. This success encourages them to persevere: "We met the management system U refused to make commitments. We will not hesitate to show the same intensity as for Monoprix. A petition has also been launched, "said the spokesman of the Association L214 Sebastian Arsac.

"We will not hesitate to show the same intensity as Monoprix"

Sebastian Arsac, spokesman L214

The outdoor rearing is however more expensive since it requires more space for animals and additional investments. An argument on which the company relies to oppose an outright refusal: "We can not unilaterally stop using that method, it would be irresponsible. Both for the consumer, who could not bear the price increase that would generate, but also for producers. Such a change should be made gradually, and never abruptly as required by that association. "

Beyond the potential impact of images, L214 puts most blame providers U system does not comply with the new regulations européenne2, in force since 2012 in particular because the wire floor cages, the European Directive prohibits, and no litter for pecking and scratching . "We also believe that the density of hens is much too large and exceeds the permitted level, though we have been virtually impossible to measure," says Sébastien Arsac. The distribuetur waiting for his evidence that these providers are affiliated to him and ensures that he would break any remnants relationship with the supplier.

The question is whether the System group U if no offense is finally found, not guilty of anything illegal, will remain on this strong position. Survey3 a controlled and directed by Opinionway L214, reveals that 84% of French would support that supermarkets stop selling eggs from battery hens.

Brussels will investigate the aid from Fagor Brandt and Mory Ducros

Auto Date Wednesday, September 17th, 2014

The European Commission on Tuesday announced the opening of two surveys of state aid received by French companies FagorBrandt1 (appliances) and Mory-Ducros2 (carrier). "The European Commission has opened two separate depth investigations to determine if loans and Other measures granted by France for Fagor Brandt and Mory-Ducros are compatible with EU rules on state aid, "the Commission said in a statement, noting that this does not prejudice After the enquête.Bruxelles recalled that in November 2013, the Minister of Productive Recovery of the time, Arnaud Montebourg, launched a fund to help disadvantaged groups. The first two companies have benefited were Fagor Brandt and Mory-Ducros. Fagor Brandt received an initial loan of EUR 10 million in November 2013, and a second 47.5 million in April-2014.Mory Ducros has received a loan of $ 17.5 million euros in February 2014 This loan would be accompanied by support for State welfare measures for the benefit of salariés.En April 2014, Justice approved the takeover offer FagorBrandt by the Algerian conglomerate Cevital for the maintenance of some 1,400 jobs over 1800. Into receivership in November 2013, the Mory-Ducros group was partly taken over by the Arcola Industries Group, its shareholder. The new company, Global Mory, retained 50 of the 85 agencies and 2,200 employees in more than 5,000 at a cost of about 2,800 layoffs.

What criteria to earn a spot in the nursery?

Auto Date Saturday, September 13th, 2014


get a place in crèche1? Here's a question that all parents have already asked, and that a survey * from the National Institute of Demographic Studies (Ined2) published on Wednesday 3 provides the answers. First

factor identified: children born between January and June are more likely to earn a spot as those born late in the year. The award municipal commissions decide indeed usually in the spring, to be seated in the fall, focusing on children already born. Other

factual point that emerges from the survey, people in cities are favored. The number of childcare places is more important proportion in major cities, covering 38% of children under three years in Paris against a national average of 16%. Conversely, people in rural areas face more difficulties. Small towns bear increasingly difficult the cost of creating a nursery place, which has doubled in ten years 4.

"We desire to help mothers most likely to leave the labor market perceives"

Anne Solaz, coauthor Study INED

Social class parents and their level of education plays little about the likelihood of getting a place. "Regardless of the significant regional disparities, it is the characteristics of the parent who play more than the father, especially in terms of education and employment," notes the study low rates payday advance. It appears that unemployed mothers and young (women aged 20-25 years at the time of birth) mothers are among the most represented. Anne Solaz, study co-author, said "we perceive a desire to help mothers more likely to drop out of the labor market."  

Surprisingly, single mothers in activity are not an advantage unless they are faced with another problem (such as job search). Children from single-parent families represents only 9.7% of children enrolled in kindergarten. The authors note in this regard that "it would set a higher goal if we wanted to encourage these children." The type of care

favorite French

If these data draw attention is that the nursery is the favorite French fashion care. At the birth of their child, 32% of parents say they would like to place in a crèche. They believe that this method of home contributes to awakening and autonomy of the child and recognize the professionalism of the staff. Such enthusiasm had led in June 2013 Ayrault government to set a target of 100,000 new spaces questioned recently 5as due to financial difficulties of local governments.

* The study is based on family and housing conducted by INSEE from January 20 to February 26, 2011 with 360,000 adults and analyzes the survey Socio-demographic profile of parents and children.

Jack Ma, Emperor frugal and visionary

Auto Date Monday, September 8th, 2014

 He keeps his eternal

quickdraw English teacher. Jack Ma remembers that his first monthly salary was capped at 10 euros, while teaching the language of Shakespeare in a small high school in the early 90s Previously, he had been failed twice at the university entrance Hangzhou, his hometown. True to its roots, it is since that fief, which he still heads today his empire in a huge campus with Alibaba design lines inspired Silicon Valley. Teenager, he scoured the area lakes by bike, to meet the first foreign tourists to offer them his services. He played the guides for free, in exchange for English conversation, to learn the language on the job. Already, he had the basic intuition of the new economic revolution then hurtling from California and free exchange of information. For fifteen years, the small entrepreneur has applied methodically this recipe in the most populous countries on earth.

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Renault produces utilities to save Sandouville

Auto Date Thursday, September 4th, 2014

 The new Twingo

arrives in dealerships. Renault has also just launched a new sales less glamorous vehicle: Traffic, a light commercial vehicle. For industry in France, this launch is yet more important than the Twingo. The new Traffic is manufactured in the Sandouville factory in Seine-Maritime. The new Twingo will come out of the Novo Mesto, Slovenia. For

Sandouville, manufacturing Traffic is an event. Historically, the site was dedicated to cars Renault1 upscale. Failures in recent years have drastically reduced production. Last year, only 25,000 vehicles left the chains, Espace and Laguna. The automaker decided in 2010 to invest € to transform Sandouville2 in a production of light commercial 230 million quick cash. Reaching 100,000 copies

Arrival Traffic embodies that change. However, this single vehicle is not enough to save the site. It sold less than 70,000 traffic last year, while the target is to reach 100,000 units in annual production. To achieve this, Renault has sought partners to fulfill its factory. Successfully. Thus, the assembly of the Vivaro Opel3 began this year at Sandouville. In July, Renault and Fiat4 signed an agreement with France to build the future of the Italian light commercial group, the Scudo car, from the second quarter 2016 What the sustainability of Sandouville.

The preferred specification is French made … in China

Auto Date Tuesday, September 2nd, 2014

 The French

rentrée1 been delighting … Chinese workers. No more notebooks with cardboard covers, the new must-have product in his bag this year, this is the book for coverage colored polypropylene. "This year, notebooks cardboard gave way to notebooks stapled polypro plastic cover," said Guillaume Nusse, CEO of Exacompta Clairefontaine Group, a leading market stationery. Stronger, they relieve parents who do not have to replace early school supplies for their children. Las

, polypropylene blankets are made which has not only advantages, as highlighted Guillaume Nusse. "These notebooks are more expensive, less environmentally friendly and made in China," he explained in an interview on Radio Classique. A challenge for the French group, which has been involved for several years to develop the "Made in France" and écologie2. This development

is a bad omen for the French paper industry. The imminent closure of the Stora Enso mill Corbehem demonstrates the fragility of sector3. Instead, the Exacompta Clairefontaine Group, who works in France, manages to cope. With a turnover in the first half increased by 4% compared to the same period in 2013, the group managed to stay among the leading companies in the stationery shelves.

Bangladesh: Auchan finally compensate the families of victims of Rana Plaza

Auto Date Sunday, August 24th, 2014


New twist in the drama of Rana Plaza in Bangladesh. The collapse of the building housing garment factories had killed 1,138 textile workers and injured more than 2,000 others in April 20131. Four months after denying any direct link with the site and refused to participate in the compensation fund victims, set up eight months after the tragedy, Auchan backtracked. Under pressure from Arnaud Montebourg who "asked companies in the country to mobilize to rescue these people in great difficulty", the distribution group decided to pay $ 1.5 million, or just over 1.1 million euros to the fund of families of victimes2. And thus "show solidarity with the working men and women of this country are made a part of apparel brand".  

A pittance for the three associations that had complained last April against Auchan3 – who performed at 31 December 2013, 62 billion euros gross sales in stores (up 4.1%) 4 – "to the needs of the group's activities in Bangladesh and its financial health." By comparison, the Irish Primark brand has paid $ 12 million, eight for the fund. With the contribution of Auchan, the compensation fund to meet today less than 20 million, according to the collective payday loans. Barely 50% of the total amount of the fund managed by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) and fixed at 40 million5. Anyway, it's a new French company committed to compensate the victims of the tragedy, after Cameo had accepted responsibility, two months after the catastrophe6.

In a joint statement, Collective Ethics on the label, Peoples Solidarity and Sherpa "regret that the group waited an unacceptable time under its primary responsibility in the drama. " These organizations' hope that this announcement will encourage the prosecution of Lille to strengthen the preliminary investigation he opened last May against the group "after the filing of the complaint. The drama

Rana Plaza had highlighted the poor security conditions in the workshops, as well as wages and miserable working conditions of employees. Since then, an agreement on the safety of buildings has been signed by 150 stores and factory inspection campaign was launched under pressure from NGOs with unannounced inspections. But several companies, including Carrefour refuses to this day to pay any compensation, while many Tex labels were found in the rubble.

Tax cuts: it goes away and it comes back …

Auto Date Tuesday, August 19th, 2014

 Philippe Crevel

is the founder of the research company and economic strategies, Lorello Ecodata. He also hosts the Cercle de l'Epargne. He is an expert on macroeconomic issues, issues related to savings and retirement. It follows particularly issues relating to public finances, employment and monetary policies. You can find his analysis on his site1.

After the cancellation of the article of the law on financing Security sociale2 relief on wage costs for low wages, the Government is seeking compensation. Moreover, after adopting an income tax reduction for the poorest taxpayers, it intends to make a new gesture for moyennes3 classes. This inflation measures is the mark of a government without scull cap that depending on the circumstances. After

weighed in 2012 and 2013, the tax bill, the President of the République4 now decided to reduce it. The 2014 target is both socially and economically; social because you have to mitigate the impact of tax increases and, in particular, the freezing of the scale that led to the tax liability on the income of several million French; economical because the Government, through the reduction of the tax burden, hopes to bring a recovery in economic activity shifts under our feet.

The Government was forced to extend further and further net assistantship with the consequent spiraling public expenditure and levies. This policy

sculling or stop and go not likely to reach any of the goals that are allocated. Indeed, the French crisis is primarily a crisis of supply and not a demand crisis. Consumption even if it has not grown at the same rate as before 2009, did not collapse. It is spread or increase marginally. However, industrial production declined. France5 insurmountable obstacle to rebalance its trade balance is in deficit for more than ten years. Exports are growing much more slowly than imports. Tertiary services are no longer able to compensate for the de-industrialization. The low rate of profit is a key brand of the supply crisis that undermines française6 economy. The fall in investment and the continued rise in bankruptcies also reflect the loss of competitiveness of French companies. Socially, this policy does not solve anything. The Government is obligated to expand further and further away from the net assistantship with the consequent spiraling public expenditure and levies. Rising unemployment, a symbol of the destruction of the economic base, weighs on final demand forcing the Government to support it by multiplying derogatory devices, devices that create harmful effects thresholds. There is a headlong rush to the authorities that turns into downward spiral.

Government policy is all the more inefficient it does not solve the deficit public7. The target of 3% of GDP is unattainable. Tax increases ruining economic competitiveness make her achievement more difficult. This year's deficit will be around 4% instead of 3.5% promised.

For thirty years, France practical economic Impressionism. Governments act in small steps. The measures taken are corrected once and remodifiées …

For thirty years, France practical economic Impressionism no fax cash advance. Governments act in small steps. The measures taken are corrected once and remodifiées … The Governments move to the economic margin sliders refusing to overhaul structures. Faced with the rise of corporatism, they defer to the great reforms tomorrow tomorrow or after tomorrow. The tax system, the payroll tax, distribution, labor law … are all sensitive subjects. Reports accumulate but their translation into action is still awaited. The failure of the 1995 major reform of Social Security Alain Juppé8 rest all memories. The French are unable to understand the directions chosen especially since governments rarely apply the platforms. For over thirty years, the cycle is always the same: a year of promise, one or two years of implementation chugging and two or three years of management over water with at the end, a lot of disillusionment and resentment. The Government

Manuel Valls, seeking his opinion lost his all attempts by multiplying the announcement effects. This severely wrong road. The Government

Manuel Valls9, seeking his opinion lost his all attempts by multiplying the announcement effects. This severely wrong road. It should follow the English or Spanish examples. The number one priority is to boost investment and promote the development of supply by increasing competition. Like Napoleon III, against the advice of key economic officials at the time, imposed in 1860, a treaty of free trade with the United Kingdom, the current government will grow up by imposing a shock of competition by way of orders. Instead of spending his time tighten and loosen the nuts tax, should be much better to change them. Extend the plates, reducing exemptions, lower marginal rates, as should be the objectives. However, with a greater than 93% of GDP debt, the massive reduction in levies is not for tomorrow. We must put an end to over 30 years of fiscal drift. Of course, to really restore the public accounts, the cost savings is essential. The Canada10, the Suède11 the Germany12 chose this winning track. But for France, that means less welfare and less public job. It is easy to write but terribly difficult to drive. Moreover, whether in the form of additional taxes or whether in the form of savings, the restoration of public accounts through lower growth or even a recession for one or two years. But do we have a choice? Today, France and Italy are mired in stagnation. Debt captures a significant portion of the savings of French and deprives the state of leeway for the future. In 2014, would we have the resources to launch the nuclear program, the TGV or the phone as in the 60s and 70s? France still has good infrastructure but for how long. In light of the debate to build the rail link between Roissy and Paris, it is striking that all has become difficult in France. A

an instrument, an objective; Tax has a function, covering the public. It is futile to try to make him play a multitude of roles. It is not intended to correct social inequalities, fight against pollution, foster home or the cinema. We must return to the concepts of stability and fiscal neutrality and stop the shell game whereby any tax increase or decrease hides vice versa.

Banking regulation: HSBC boss takes a stand

Auto Date Monday, August 4th, 2014

 While presenting

rather gloomy interim results, the chairman of HSBC, Douglas Flint, attacked the financial sector regulators. For the leader of the first European bank, present in 74 countries, the proliferation of rules increasingly fragmented begins to pose a serious challenge to the sector. These dense regulations enacted by the States without regard to harmonization, aim to overcome the excesses that led to the financial crisis. But according to the banker, their reach far exceeded this laudable goal.

Instead of simply support the industry, they would live in fear financial future fines and thus annihilate their ability to take risks even reasonable. The latest example of banking sanctions concerned that BNP Paribas was sentenced in July historique1 a fine of $ 9 billion for violation of U.S. embargoes Sudan, Iran and Cuba.

"There is a visible danger and still more significant of excessive risk aversion creeping into the process of decision making in our societies and of our employees, which, wondering what could be critical post and receiving a zero tolerance for error, seeking to protect society and themselves from any future punishment ", denounced Douglas Flint, who criticizes the supremacy of the precautionary principle in his own house. Within HSBC2

800 million dollars were spent each year since 2011 on legal and legal issues. In 2012 after paying a fine of $ 2 billion to U guaranteed high risk personal loans.S. authorities on charges of money laundering against its Mexican subsidiary, the facility has also decided to withdraw from all areas considered dangerous . This decision has highlighted the vast savings plan introduced in 2011. Overall, the school has cut more than 40,000 jobs and sold or closed 60 subsidiaries worldwide. Higher rates

This vast simplification has enabled HSBC to streamline its cost structure of $ 5 billion per year. But these cuts have also weighed on earnings. In the first half, net banking income group saw a decline of 9% year on year to 31.2 billion dollars. The taxable benefit-generated 50% in Asia stood at $ 12.3 billion, down 12% year on year. The group's investment bank has also suffered from "low market activity," said the CEO of HSBC, Stuart Gulliver. Profit before tax of this activity fell 12% to $ 5 billion.

Despite the erosion of profits, the title of the bank has responded Exchange. He won Monday's closing 0.91%. Investors welcomed the optimistic statements of the bank on the consequences for the house of a rate hike. Such a move is expected by the end of 2014 in Britain, early 2015 in the United States. According to HSBC, an increase of 25 basis points rate would result in an increase in net banking income of nearly a billion dollars, because of its large deposit base.

The potato salad finally harvest $ 55,500 on Kickstarter

Auto Date Sunday, August 3rd, 2014

 His joke

reported him big. The draft Zack Danger Brown, who initially wished to raise $ 10 to make a potato salad terre1, closed Saturday, with 55,490 dollars to the counter (41,300 euros). Its creator announced on Wednesday the Kickstarter page project2 that the funds raised would be partially donated to the Columbus Foundation. This should create a fund to help malnourished and ill-nogés of the State of Ohio. "We believe that humor plays a big role in the act of making this world better," says Zack Brown. Kickstarter platform, which normally forbidden to project spend the money raised to something other than intended initially displayed, did not say if she had actually agreed to this arrangement.

Due to the success of the operation, the crafty had the idea to surf awareness of the potato salad to start their own "project ". On Kickstarter, we now are nearly 250 whose name contains the word "salad". Pasta salads, eggs, or tomatoes hoped also collect fervor investors but none managed to surpass the record of the Zack Brown. A young Tanzanian however already collected more than $ 8,000 by promising to cook a potato salad … in space3. For this, it will become nothing less than the first African astronaut. Kickstarter discredited

… The virality as the project's success might suggest that Kickstarter should derive some benefits: short-term, increased visibility due to media exposure of the now famous potato salad and an increase in the number of proposed projects. What regain ground on rival Indiegogo has taken the lead on this point: in early June, he had published more than 200,000 projects against only 150,000 for Kickstarter. But once past the excitement, the results should be more mixed.

Launched one year after Indiegogo, Kickstarter has managed to make a place among the many crowdfunding platforms thanks to its strict policy of selecting projects. But in early June, Kickstarter announced a radical change in its rules use4. More flexible, the new conditions reduce to number three: the proposed project as "creating something to share with others," "is honest and clearly presented" and that the funds collected are not "for a charity , "will be published poor credit personal loans. Without it must be validated by teams Kickstarter, which are now solicited upon request of the project sponsor. The open publication of fancy projects like the potato salad, as a more random checking the source of funds door. While the project Zack Brown peaked at more than $ 70,000, Kickstarter had to cancel several post above $ 10,000 who did not meet the conditions imposed by the financial transparency website donations.

. But not the crowdfunding

Some see this as an discrediting of crowdfunding. In an article published in Forbes 5, American entrepreneur Kevin Harrington nevertheless questioned the legitimacy of the "project" carried by Zack Brown. "What kind of world do we live in where a potato salad can raise $ 50,000 while someone who needs money to pay for his treatment against cancer does not even harvest twenty?" More nuanced, Ishmael The Mouël , founder of crowdfunding site dedicated to HelloAsso6 associations, considers that the case of potato salad will "discredit projects that are not supported by organizations", such as associations or companies. The joke

Zack Brown could count among these jokes web that we see daily spend on social networks without what they lead to whether constructive. However, nearly 7,000 people have contributed to make this joke a virtual slot machine. What can explain this success? "People do not contribute because they believed in this potato salad. They gave because Brown made them laugh. He gave them the opportunity to be part of something funny and surreal, the chance to show this stupid project and tell their friends 'I helped make this happen,' "Kevin Harrington analysis.

Paradoxically, it is considered a drift crowdfunding also illustrates the power. Ishmael The Mouël believes the project Zack Brown "shows the virtues of participatory financing, the ability to collect a lot of money very quickly." On the other hand, Kevin Harrington believes that this potato salad is exactly what users seek wishing to invest in a project, "Zack Brown provides something very real: the chance to laugh at the absurdity of the world which we live. "