Archive for the 'economic' Category

Men spend a little more than women for their sunglasses

Auto Date Sunday, July 27th, 2014


When the summer sun makes its appearance, sunglasses arrive on all faces. Today more fashion accessory than sunscreen, lunettes1 are essential. But why choose? Promise Consulting study reveals what are the habits and preferences of the French, and, surprise, the average budget for the last pair bought is slightly higher in men than in women: respectively € 107 for € 104. 38% of men spent between 0 and 50 € for their last pair, and 22% over 150 €. Women, on the contrary, 43% have allocated between 0 and 50 € for their sunglasses, and 20% over 150 €.

The Ray-ban2 brand unanimously in both populations, despite the relatively high price: from 80 euros for conventional glasses up 230 euros depending on the model and glasses (polarized or not). Trusted by 57% of men and 36% women, the Italian brand's first ranking of all ages. However other trademarks are the top 10 women in the world of fashion. "Reputation effect is observed: Dior3, Chanel, Yves Saint Laurent, Prada … These are brands that invest in many sectors, including jewelry, eyeglasses and their benefit," says Valérie Jourdan, CEO Promise Consulting payday loans. Women and prefer Gucci, Prada and Dolce Gabbana. The men in them are more focused "masculinity, sport, virilité4," she adds. As their favorite brands are they, Police, Vuarnet (only French brand podium), followed by Hugo Boss.

As evidenced by the winner of the ranking, the timeless Ray-Ban, the trend is towards a rather vintage5 style. The style of the selected model is as important as UV protection. In fact, the shape and design they are a challenge for brands glasses. A little more than half of men (52%) prefer the form "Aviator" model ordered in 1933 by the U.S. Air Force for its Ray-Ban fighter pilots, and focused during the Second World War. For its part, the form "Pantos" was elected by women, who are 47% say it is their preferred form, in response to Audrey Hepburn, Marilyn Monroe and other muses who helped to raise awareness of these models.

Club Med: Bonomi wins a round

Auto Date Saturday, July 26th, 2014


Bonomi1 marked an important point in the battle this Friday he hired to take control of the Club MED2. The board of tourism group discussed the cons-OPA filed by the Italian investor on June 30 And now he "recommends" shareholders who "prefer liquidity."

Directors Club Med made the finding, obvious, that the offer of Andrea Bonomi and its holding company Global Resorts is financially much higher (21 Club Med euros per share) the application filed by the investment funds associated with Ardian Chinese Fosun Group (17.50 euros). In addition, Global Resorts does not fundamentally affect the strategy of the Club. Difficult in these conditions, not to recommend the offer, as provided securities laws.

Club Med does not mean throwing in the towel. The directors have taken care to match their decision reservations. "The board is not able to confirm unqualified compliance of supply to the interests of society," it is specified. And noted a report from consultants Roland Berger to support the issues raised by the draft Bonomi when it provides a selective questioning the principle of "all inclusive" ("all inclusive") and questioned the proposed partnership with Fosun on China.

Last year, the directors had supported the project Ardian and Fosun, which was then mired in litigation. Management, led by CEO Henri Giscard d'Estaing3 had been involved in its development, with the participation of executives in the capital of the future Club Med program. Suffice to say that the emergence of Andrea Bonomi before the summer was unwelcome. But for now, it is the Italian who has the hand with an unstoppable financial argument. It has an advantage over his sleeve, enlisting Serge Trigano as President and guarantor of future values ​​of the Club. The son of the iconic founder Gilbert Trigano Club has been the boss before being landed amid poor results in 1997 no faxing payday loans. A report that critics Andrea Bonomi not fail to recall. The challenge for each camp is to rally the favor of managers and employees of the Club. Thursday, 70 executives have written to the council to denounce the "strategic break" that is in their eyes the draft Italian. Fosun

evaluating its options

The game is not yet won. The Board's decision will be Friday lying black and white in a "note in response" to be published by the AMF at the same time as the calendar offers Exchange. The offer period is expected to open by August 10 and run until mid-September. Leaving until early September to file any escalation.

According to several sources, the Chinese Fosun4 remains interested in the Club Med. He also, quite symbolically crossed Friday threshold of 10% stake in the club. Here again the largest shareholder (17.7% voting rights) to Bonomi had picked titles. In a letter to council, Fosun recalled the reasons for its initial offer, he is talking about the past, and stated that he "think calmly to his options." Ardian5, deemed less from its Chinese partner, said in council that associate with this reflection.

Backstage, negotiations are in full swing to look for new partners who could help against a possible-offer. French professionals of tourism and hospitality, including Accor, were contacted but did not respond. "This is primarily a financial partner that takes Fosun" decrypts an expert. Caisse des Dépôts, long involved with Club Med wants to remain neutral in the context of a takeover battle. Suffice to say that August looks still very active for Club Med.

In this context, nobody wants to insult the future. Administrators shareholders have essentially said they preserved their freedom of action, where last year they had pledged their shares to the offer Fosun-Ardian.

How SNCF wants to save the TGV

Auto Date Thursday, July 24th, 2014


give a glorious future TGV1? Monday in the Board of Directors, management of the SNCF2 presented three scenarios over ten years to try to eradicate the declining profitability of the TGV, crumbling to a trickle, reports the business daily Les Echos this Thursday3 . However, the SNCF wishes to clarify that it is not the business model of TGV is in crisis, but that of the entire rail system.

• Reduce activity drastically

The first option would be to focus only on the main stations of the network. SNCF recorded a quarantine. Thus, the 180 combinations origins / destinations that are currently offered in 80 pass within ten years. A decrease of more than half. Missing trains would consequently replaced by regional TER or Interctés. With this first configuration, the SNCF would focus only on its profitable routes. • Develop

massive supply

The second solution is quite the opposite the first: develop the offer, opting for an increase in the use of 400 TGV trains available to the SNCF, which are now used only 5 hours per day on average online payday loans. Ultimately, this goal massive development would compete with air or car. This configuration would include lower prices that could be measured in 10% to 20%. Feature of this scenario should both elected and travelers … while having no economic model. According to Les Echos, the lack of € 400 million per year for the SNCF is in equilibrium. • The saving productivity

The third and last scenario is the most likely , according to Les Echos. It is in line with the strategic plan of the company "Excellence 2020" was chosen in 2012 The manual is very simple:. To meet rising tolls, SNCF must optimize park use oars, making productivity gains and reduce operating costs. To do this, the direction of the station is counting on resetting the production process. This latter configuration includes developing Ouigo the low-cost4 TGV launched last year.

EasyJet is tackling the airlines

Auto Date Sunday, July 13th, 2014


McCall, easyJet's boss, repeat over and over again: the airline has established contracts with 40% of the CAC 40 in France. The symbol of success for a low cost. In France, its second largest market after the United Kingdom, the British company realizes indeed higher margins through its business clients representing 25% of sales against 20% on average in Europe payday advance lenders. "On the Paris-Toulouse liaison, business customers even represent 45% of sales," says Carolyn McCall, easyJet who runs for four years.

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French groups internationalize more

Auto Date Thursday, July 10th, 2014


5 million employees working in 35,400 French foreign subsidiaries in 2011: this is the surprising result of an INSEE survey on the implementation of the French groups abroad in 2011, outside the banking sector. Translation? Companies "hexagonal" internationalized growing their business by developing their exports, but also create subsidiaries outside France. Compete more dynamic emerging countries, the complexity of the laws and the severity of the labor law, the French territory attracts less. Large firms have found traffic: French multinational groups employ 53.5% of their employees beyond our borders and there make more than half their sales. Of these, the 150 largest groups weigh heavily in the balance and are often located in more than 19 countries. Where are our business

? The French

groups settled mostly not very far. Indeed, the European Union is the first settlement area, hosting 41% of employees abroad, 2 million on the Old Continent, a number up 15% compared to 2009. European countries most attractive are the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain and Italy. The United States follow Europe in this ranking with 11%, followed by China (8%) and Brazil (7%) faxless pay day loans. It may be noted that the BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India, China) are increasingly attractive, winning five points from 2009 to 2011, thanks to the industrial sphere. Some sectors

call indeed from internationalization than others. Most affected are industry, trade and market services. Thus, industrial and commercial subsidiaries account for over 60% of employees abroad. In the area of ​​services, hospitality, catering and information and communication are particularly present also at international level. They represent 9% of the workforce outside France.

French companies are very active internationally. The reasons are multiple. Alexander Gazaniol, Doctor of Economics, described in 2012 in "Internationalization, business performance and employment" the motives groups to settle abroad. According to him, "the main motivation for firms that expand abroad is to access new markets." Cost reduction in the fragmentation of the production process should obviously not be forgotten.

The savings remain at a high level in France in 2009

Auto Date Wednesday, July 2nd, 2014


France has one of the highest savings average of Europe, according to a new report on "income and household wealth" INSEE. But the differences are important in terms of income or capacity of households to save … The poorest households and have mostly negative savings rate, which means that their consumption needs exceed their income level. A median of 20% to 20% of the poorest households. Not surprisingly, the wealthiest households save more. The median savings rate of 20% of the richest households reached 33% of income, a difference of 53 points between households in the first and last quintile.

Note that the disparities are much greater in low income groups than among the most favored. Motivations savings may vary greatly depending on where you live, heritage, family household structure, etc.. Despite this high savings, 35% of households that explain current income does not fully cover consumer spending totally free credit score. In contrast, a quarter of households have saved more than a third of their annual income in 2009

. The young and older save less

The savings rate less than 30 years, such as older people, is just positive (just 3%) while the 30-59 range between 14 and 19%. These differences are not surprising since the young and the elderly are generally more modest. Similarly, owners, class population often easier, saving more than renters. As for the lower classes, the savings behavior of tenants is very volatile. Finally, families with two children or more save significantly less than families with one or no children.

Household savings increases with wealth. This can be explained only because households with high assets are also those with the highest incomes. There is no direct link between savings and wealth. A steady income, households with modest estates save slightly more than those whose heritage is high.

Growth is "too flat" for unemployment to decline

Auto Date Friday, June 27th, 2014


sad record of 3,364,000 unemployed reached the end of April, Pole employment1 reveals today 18 hours the number of unemployed registered on its lists in May. Last month, the government suffered another blow after the debacle of municipal and European elections, with the announcement of an increase of 14,800 applicants employment2 in category A (no activity) in France. The figures had been worse when the unemployed included exerting a small business (36,400), while they were 4,985,900 unemployed in late April, the never-seen. Growth


While figures are not yet known, INSEE already 3TABLE on a continued rise in unemployment from 0.1 % in the second quarter, a trend that seems to have observed Michel Sapin4 this morning. Guest on RTL, the finance minister said in effect that growth in the first quarter, which remained zero, was "too plate5" to "evolve unemployment in the right direction." Labour Minister François Rebsamen6 was, meanwhile, more optimistic earlier this week. He had indeed said Tuesday on Radio Classique / LCI that his goal was always "the stabilisation7" unemployment before adding: "There was a 9.7% unemployment rate in late 2013 This year we will try. stand on this basis below 10% unemployment. "

François Rebsamen said that if stabilization is realized, we will have next year an effect that will be felt and a reduction in unemployment. " No question as to talk of reversing the trend in unemployment as did his predecessor Michel Sapin.  Cap

on the employment of older

After concentrating its efforts on youth employment, the government is now seeking the seniors8. François Rebsamen has proposed Monday to extend the premium generation contract to hire a senior and double, bringing it to 4,000 euros a year. Long sidelined, seniors (55-64) have an employment rate certainly increase, which amounted to 45.9% in France, against more than 50% in the European Union9 . And they have been hit hard by the crisis as the number of unemployed over 50 years registered at employment center in category A has not been a single month drop since the second quarter of 2008. Pending finalization of the "senior level" should be done at the Social Conference on 7 and 8 July, the already limited budget announces improvements to existing rather than the introduction of new measures devices.

…… Pending the publication of the figures, a few reminders: the last drop of unemployment was in October 2013 and since the election of François Hollande10 in May 2012, about 440,000 additional job seekers pushed the doors of employment center. Caution is therefore required the government. François Rebsamen has also said this morning that iTV will not comment on the monthly unemployment figures, unlike his predecessor. "These monthly figures, when taken month by month, they do not mean much, they must be studied over a long period, what INSEE also this week," is it defended.

Thrush bring in close to 600,000 euros PCF

Auto Date Friday, May 2nd, 2014


Traditionally, the feast of work1, it is the union march in memory of May 1, 1886 in Chicago, a protest movement for the 8 hour day fatally crushed by the forces of order. But it is also an opportunity to share a bit of thrush which replaced over time wild rose in his buttonhole and red triangle symbolized the division of the day into three parts: work, sleep, play. Thrush is also the only flower that can be sold by individuals – not only by florists – that day. A boon seized by the French Communist Party in the heart of union parades. "It's been 50 years since I sell thrush May 1, says Chantal activist d'Epinay-sur-Seine, until the departure of the procession in Paris union car warranty. This year with the rain, it is not as well, there are a thousand euros pocket "

Each role. CGT sells drinks , sandwiches and sausages for the protesters; the PCF, the stems of lily. "The sale of thrush traditionally regard the party," we recognize the central headquarters in Montreuil. "For unionists, the sale of thrush is more symbolic than a funding process. Rare are those who sell that day, "nuance Bernard Vivier, director of the Higher Labour Institute. Indeed revenues remain marginal compared to funds raised through vocational training or membership fees. "Historically, trade sales thrush mainly concerned the militants of the CGT. Gossips even said that thrush was a way to launder money from Moscow, "says another trade unionist. For the PCF

always encourages its activists to sell the white bells, the product however is far from marginal. "This represents an important source of income, says Jean-Louis Moing, the National Treasurer extended service warranties. Although not being consolidated in the accounts, it is estimated that 500,000 to 600,000 euros reported net per year. " The money stays locally. At Malakoff, south of Paris, thrush reported 2500 euros in 2013, enough to finance a portion of the rent of the section. For his part, Jean-Louis Le Moing collected 3,000 euros for the Loir-et-Cher. "In addition to the financial aspect is contact with our constituents is an important part of the permanent subscription party," he says.

50000000000: Montebourg request counterparties in Brussels and the ECB

Auto Date Wednesday, April 16th, 2014

The EU1 must change monetary policy to support countries which, like France, have undertaken an effort to restore their public accounts, said the Minister of Economy and Recovery Arnaud Montebourg productive. In an interview published Thursday in Les Echos, he calls on the European Central Bank (ECB) to act to bring down the euro and said that France wants a "fast" meeting with its European partners to discuss the issue of "the euro too expensive. " "We take our responsibilities regarding the public deficit. We are launching reforms. But in exchange, we have things to ask in Brussels. We hope in the interest of Europe and France counterparties to lower deficits, "said Arnaud Montebourg il.Pour requires that" Europe is changing course as the monetary policy in terms the stimulus investments. "" We must assist national infantry who make the effort to restore their national public accounts by air support from the European Central Bank, "he said, stressing that the deficit target reduced to 3% of GDP by 2015 public is "a commitment to France fast payday loan no faxing." To accompany, we must "drop the euro, hire a new monetary policy, and not restrictive but on the model of the Fed American ", claiming the minister.Draghi must "take action" While welcoming remarks made last weekend by ECB President Mario Draghi on the risks posed by the appreciation of the European currency, he thought it "must take action "to lower it. "We expect a decision in early May at the next ECB meeting. Unconventional policy is the solution to our problems," continues il.Si the ECB is independent, Arnaud Montebourg believes that exchange rate policy under the European Council . "The euro is too much a political issue. Way, we want a quick meeting of our European partners to discuss the subject."

Amazon will pay its disgruntled employees to resign

Auto Date Saturday, April 12th, 2014

 The Amazon

disgruntled employees will soon resign pocketing a check. In a letter to his shareholders1 detailing the actions of the company in the coming months, Amazon's president announced the implementation of "Pay to leave" ("paid for from") program. "An employee who remains in a business where he does not feel well, it is not good for him, or to society," argues Jeff Bezos.

In practice, Amazon offer once a year to its employees to leave the company against a check. The amount will be $ 2,000 the first time (1450 euros), and will rise by $ 1,000 each year to a maximum of $ 5,000 (3,600 euros). "This offer will be named 'Please refuse. We hope that our employees stay with us. So why they make such a proposal? The idea is to force employees to take time to think about what they really want, "says Jeff Bezos.

The idea of ​​"Pay to leave" from the company Zappos, specializing in online sales of clothing. In the latter, all new recruits through four weeks of intensive training to imbibe the culture of the company. At the end of this month, the new employee is offered to stay or leave immediately Zappos. In the latter case, he receives a bonus of $ 3,000 2 (2,200 euros) in addition to his pay. The company hopes to "get rid" of recruits insufficiently motivated by their new job without going through a redundancy procedure. In the end, only 2-3% of employees accept the offer, according to an article dating from 2008

Bloomberg.3 working conditions

According criticized the American press, "Pay to leave" would go only as Amazon employees in its huge logistics centers, which are packaged and shipped customer orders credit score. These huge warehouses are under fire from critics for several months because of working conditions deemed difficult and pernicious. "Productivity is an obsession, which appears in all conversations. As 'picker', we need to gather more than one hundred articles per hour, pacing rays on a combined 15 to 25 kilometers in our speed and in the dispersion of the articles "distance, showed a temporary old- Amazon platform Montelimar in an article in Libération who caused a stir at the end of dernière4 year. "Going to the toilet which are at the end of the warehouse is your tumble" prod ". Pushing his colleague to enter in the first carriage drove up. Ideally (and this is also the norm) is to arrive early in the morning to prepare and scan carriage and save precious minutes that will possibly be the difference. "……. The logistics centers

. Amazon Germany are also regularly shaken by strikes staff. Local unions are demanding higher wages, so that they are aligned with the salary of the retail sector, not the logistics. The "Pay to leave" operation could be an opportunity for Amazon to go cheap these employees protest. It is not known whether the program will be imported in Europe, and under what conditions. It also does not concern the interim, in which Amazon is heavily used during the rush of the holiday season.